Hansen's Northwest Native Plant Database

Arctostaphylos patula (Greenleaf Manzanita)


 Plantae – Plants


 Tracheobionta – Vascular plants


 Spermatophyta – Seed plants


 Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants


 Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons






 Ericaceae – Heath family


 Arctostaphylos Adans. – manzanita


 Arctostaphylos patula Greene – greenleaf manzanita


Photo courtesy of Walter Siegmund

A fine evergreen shrub with stout, crooked branches reaching to 7 ft at maturity. The reddish-brown bark is glossy and smooth. As each branch ages, the bark comes off in strips showing a whitish-green color underneath.

The oval leaves alternate on the branches. Their leathery glossy texture shows the light green color to good advantage.

Urn-shaped flowers are pinkish white in large clusters which bob up and down in the slightest breeze. After their early spring appearance, they remain on the shrub until replaced by the fruit. Each berry-like fruit resembles a small apple with colors dark reddish-brown to black. Inside the skin, a sparse mealy pulp is wrapped around from 4 to 10 hard seeds.

Grow this native shrub in full sun or light shade in dry well-drained soils. It is hardy to USDA zone 5. Perfect in the wildlife garden.

Greenleaf Manzanita is native to Washington through the Oregon Cascades and south through the Sierra Nevada to the Coast Range of northern California, east to the Great Basin and western Colorado, and south to the higher elevations of northern Arizona.


Photo, left, credit:

Photos, center and right, credit:  Pat Breen, OSU


Photos, above, credit: Walter Siegmund


Photo, left, credit:  Eric Knapp--Seedlings 1 yr post fire

Photos, center and right, credit: Homer Edward Price

Photo credit: Jsanchezd_Mountains01-Sierra_SanPedroMartir-BajaCalifornia-Mexico-pinus jeffreyiWarctostaphylos pringleism

Facing westward (Pacific Ocean) from the Sierra San Pedro Martir, in Sierra de San Pedro Mártir National Park, Baja California, Mexico.

Trees are Jeffrey Pine (Pinus jeffreyi), shrubs are mostly Manzanitas (Greenleaf Manzanita (Arctostaphylos patula) and Pringle's Manzanita (Arctostaphylos pringlei).


Photo, left, credit:  Sascha Noyes

Photo, right, credit:  Benjamin Cody

Contact:  nwplants@gmail.com ~ Copyright 2016 © The Wild Garden: Hansen’s Northwest Native Plant Database  ~ All rights reserved