Betula occidentalis (Red Birch,
Similar to Paper Birch, the Red Birch occurs in the eastern ranges of the Pacific northwest, east to Minnesota and south into New Mexico and California.
This cold-hardy birch grows at high elevations and can survive in USDA zones 5-10.
It favors moist but not waterlogged soils along mountain streams where it is browsed by Bighorn sheep.
This tree forms clumps and often reaches 30.’
The coppery-brown bark is highlighted by the deep green leaves and by the brilliant autumn color.